Galați is a city and municipality in Romania, the capital of Galaţi County. Located in the historical region of Moldavia, in the close vicinity of Brăila, Galaţi is the largest seaport on Danube.
According to the latest official estimates, from 2009, there were 290,733 people living within the city of Galaţi, making it the seventh most populous city in Romania.
One of the largest economic centers in Romania, Galaţi has an economic life developed around the Naval Shipyard, Port River, Arcelor-Mittal steel plant, and Mineral Port.
The first signs of permanent settlements in the area Galati found on the eastern shore of the marsh Malina (north-west of the city), where they discovered fragments of ceramic-type Stoicani Aldeni, stilex and tools made of bone, dating Neolithic.
Life of human communities was directly influenced by the Danube, the second longest river in Europe (2,850 km [1,770 mi]), with an average flow of 6,199 cubic metres (218,900 cu ft) in this sector per second, after receiving the input river Siret an average flow of 210 cubic metres per second (7,400 cu ft/s) (the largest tributary of the Romanian territory).
Given that Galati is a gateway to the northeast and southwest, he was under the influence of continental air masses less eastern and southern, almost totally lacking influence of western air from the Carpathians. The average annual temperature, calculated over a period of 70 years, is 10 °C (50 °F). The average temperature in summer is 21.3 °C (70.3 °F). In winter, Galati County wine over north and north-east of cold air masses the decrease of temperature between 0.2–-3 °C (32–27 °F).
A dense network of schools at all levels, from nursery and kindergarten through to university education provides the infrastructure and educating the young generation. The University of Galaţi includes 11 faculties (with two unique faculties in Romania: "The Faculty of Ships" and "Department of Food Science and Engineering) and 3 colleges. The Danubius University is a private institution with departments in legal, economic and social fields.
In addition to research centers at universities operating in Galati several specialized research institutes, four of them having unique profile in Romania: ICEPRONAV (Research and Design Institute for Shipbuilding), UZINSIDER Engineering (Institute for Research and Design for flat metal products), Research Institute of Fish and Wine Research Station Targu Bujor.
The material basis for cultural and artistic events is provided by 330 public libraries, three theaters, 10 museums, 94 cultural clubs, five houses of culture, etc. School Nr. 24 (Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel) is the oldest school in the county. It was founded in 1832 by the year 1896 being placed inside the Monastery Mitoc. On 26 October 1896 the current school building was inaugurated.
In Galati is the largest library, Library Urechia V.A., founded in 1889, with the first gift card fund Academician Vasile Alexandrescu Urechia. Library Urechia V.A. "has over 600,000 titles and over 150 subscriptions to newspapers and magazines. As regards services, the library has organized and dispose of the loan department for adults and children Hall encyclopedic reference works, specialized reading rooms with 190 seats, listening and video room, alphabetical and systematic catalogs, cardstock, for their own collections, catalogs printed for Romanian and foreign books, online catalog monographic publications, specialized biographical information, a bibliography of Galati County.
The city has the largest iron and steel plant in Romania the Arcelor-Mittal Galaţi, state-owned until 2001. It is still commonly referred to under the old name "Sidex". Also, the country's largest shipyard on Danube is located here, benefiting from the good access Galaţi has to the Black Sea through the Danube and the short distance between its facilities and the Mittal Plant.
Galaţi is also a border checkpoint to Moldova.
Now past the ferry building is the 3rd port for light craft. According to a government report issued in 2005, Galati ranks in the top two cities in Romania, the green space, per capita. Funded by the Local Council of Galati by budgetary allocations, urban planning and maintenance activities is the result of the Public Administration Public Domain Galati (SPADP) Ecosal Prest, SC RER Ecological Service SRL, SC Citadine 98 SA.
Dimitrie Cantemir , Barboși, Țiglina 1, Țiglina 2, Țiglina 3 (Micro 16)
Țiglina 4 (Micro 17 și 18), Bădălan, Siderurgiștilor Est, Siderurgiștilor Vest, Archers's, Traian North, Bariera Traian, Lozoveni, Port, Railway Station, Centrum, Mazeppa 1, Mazeppa 2, Danube, Aurel Vlaicu, I.C. Frimu, Micro 13a, Micro 13b, Micro 14, Micro 19, Micro 20, Micro 21, Micro 38, Micro 39a, Micro 39b, Micro 39c, Micro 40, Filești.
Church Mavromol "Black Rock" in Greek,
a former monastery dedicated to the Assumption Mavromol gate and was built in 1669 by Gheorghe Duca and his son rebuilt between 1700-1703. Keep valuable interior murals restored between 1973-1975.
St. Spyridon Church
It was built in 1817 in a plane triconical four buttresses. It has three towers, one more than the other two equal, the dome of the nave is supported by arches in cross. The most valuable elements of the church is the iconostasis and icons.
Is near the Museum of History Galati on the Domnească street, now is the only remaining synagogue of Galati.
Was built in 1896 on the site of an old synagogue from 1806.
Roman Catholic Church
Was built in 1844 and expanded in 1873. Among the objects of artistic value as: High altar, made of colored marble, the painting "St. John the Baptist preaching," Most Holy Heart statue of Jesus Christ, Pieta Statues and Saint Francis of Assisi. The church was strengthened and renovated in its current state between 1985-1988.
Reservation and Zoo Garboavele
Both located at the northern exit of town. Garboavele Forest Zoo is included in the Natural Sciences Museum Complex. In the zoo can be seen various exotic species. Also riding enthusiasts can practice the sport at the Zoo, just as there are no horses specially trained for this purpose, but also an excellent riding equipped and trained personnel. Zoo theme was developed together with experts from European Association of Zoos and Aquaria, and aims at preserving rare animal and conservation education.
Located in the far north-eastern town of Galati, an area of 28 hectares. Includes a 11-ha natural lake, a slope of 10 ha of forest of acacia and a slope of 8 hectares partially arranged under a plan for recreational and intensive modernization and refurbishment.
Danube socket leisure complex
Located out of the city, on the road to Braila, has three swimming pools, houses, camping sites and a restaurant. On a portion of the complex is a Western club that is equipped with a pool, restaurant, bar and cafe.
House Lambrinidi Located on Royal Street no. 51, near University. Lambrinidi Epaminonda built, a mill owner on the street with the Port and attach a foundry and machine shop and repair ships, before April 1879, hosting the Prince Charles, on a visit in Galati. It was the seat of the Court of Appeals, Mihail Kogalniceanu High School and, after the earthquake of November 9–10, 1940, City Hall.
Located in central Galati, the former Palace of Justice, the headquarters of the University today occupies the old city's architectural landscape most prominent place, because of its monumentalitaţii. This building is the work of architects and Virnav Cerchez Gregory. It was built between 1911-1913.
Imposing edifice, which opened on 27 April 1906, Galati County Prefect headquarters today, the Administrative Palace was built between 1904–1905 years after architect Ion Mincu, the founder of Romanian national school of architecture. On the main facade of the Palace, at the top level, there are two statues made of white marble - "Industry" and "Agriculture" the sculptor Frederic Storck, covered by plaster. Here are two bronze flags in the county. On gable of the building is a large-scale clock. Each hour is marked by several musical phrases immortal waltz "Danube Waves"a masterpiece of world famous composer Joseph Galati Ivanovich (1845 -1902).
It is a cultural institution subsidized by the Romanian state, and other theaters of children. Gulliver Theatre was established on October 1, 1952. In this period have been presented over 200 titles, (4-5 on the season premieres) of Romanian and world literature for children, under the skilled leadership of many artists. Gulliver Festival is held annually, one of the most important of its kind in Romania, Galati transforming the Capital puppet theater. "
Lyric Theatre Nae Leonard
It was founded in 1956. Annual organizing "Galatians Musical Days" when the public are most representative of the repertoire titles of all genres.
Alexandru Ioan Cuza Memorial House Built on the former home of the chief magistrate of Covurlui, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the first ruler of Romania (1859–1866). It includes a permanent exhibition dedicated to the prince, assembly and quality of restoration of environment at the end of Galati sec. nineteenth century and the beginning of sec. twentieth century.
Visual Arts Museum
It is the first Romanian contemporary art museum in the country. It was inaugurated in 1967 and was designed to provide the latest structural trends emerging artistic phenomenon, and a destination that keeps and the beginning of this millennium. Approximately 400 existing work-in halls and outdoor exhibition in the museum park, is a selection from a much larger property, often filled with a virtual wealth of contemporary artists' workshops. Heritage museum includes works of Romanian art in the second half of the nineteenth and twentieth-century avant-garde representatives Romanian and works of artists who formed a bridge between the first and second half of the century.
Galati Village Museum
It is situated at the entrance to Forest Garboavele containing specific a few huts surrounding area of the Lower Danube.
House of Collections
Hosts philatelic and numismatic collections. Is situated near the Memorial House of Alexandru Ioan Cuza.
Natural Sciences Museum Complex
Botanical Garden contains planetarium dome diameter of 7 metres (23 ft), can be viewed here different projections so that the visitors can travel to all corners of the imaginary universe, also takes place in the Planetarium, and numerous educational programs, good examples being Astroclub "Calin Popovici, and Educational Program "You know the sun, " V-XII classes for students. The aquarium is rare and very rare themes ichthyofauna of the Danube basin, Mediterranean Sea and exotic fish fauna. Botanical garden dominates the left bank of the Danube, occupying an area of 18 hectares.
Galati History Museum
It was inaugurated on 24 January 1939, on the occasion of his 80th anniversary of the Union Romanian principalities in the house which belonged to the family Cuza Alexandru Ioan Cuza and where he lived during which the chief magistrate, in Galati. Muzelui scientific activity resumed in 1951-1952, when he started organizing scientific collections. In 1956, out-of collections have been separated, so they formed part of the collections of the Museum of Natural Sciences, and another, the collections of the Museum of Art. Gradually, the History Museum's collection through new acquisitions and increased archaeological research conducted in the southern part of Moldova, mainly from the Roman camp Tirighina-Barbosi, now reaching a collection of over 50,000 exhibits, some of which are of exceptional importance.
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